Lying between Russia in the north and China in the south, this remote landlocked country has 260 days of sunshine a year and is, appropriately, known as the 'Land of Blue Sky'. Ulaanbaatar is the capital and the only town of any size. Most of the Mongolian people are herders who live in tents known as 'gers', moving their flocks seasonally in search of the best grazing. Mongolia's most famous period of history began at the end of the 12th century, when the remarkable Genghis Khan united the nomadic tribes and set about establishing an empire that would ultimately stretch from the Black Sea to the Yellow Sea of eastern China. The Gobi Desert covers the southern third of the country, with much of the remaining land area being either grassland steppe or mountain forest steppe. Mongolia`s tallest peak is Mount Khuiten (4374m / 14,350ft), located at the western extremity of the country, on the border with both Russia and China.