Lying to the west of Kenya and north of Lake Victoria, Uganda has almost exactly the same land area as the UK. It was a British protectorate throughout the first half of the 20th century and only granted independence in 1961. At its western edge, the country's most impressive mountains are the rarely visited Rwenzoris, which extend for 110 kilometres along the border with the Democratic Republic of Congo. With a number of high peaks, including Mount Stanley (5109m / 16,760ft), these 'Mountains of the Moon' have some of the best trekking in all of Africa. Uganda's other great strength is its variety of wildlife habitats - it is a great place to spot some of Africa's most important species. South of the Rwenzoris, the Queen Elizabeth National Park is home to elephant, lion and hippo, whilst the nearby Bwindi Impenetrable Forest is one of the few places on Earth where it is possible to get close to mountain gorillas in the wild.