Nicaragua is a country in Central America, bordering both the Caribbean Sea and the North Pacific Ocean, between Costa Rica and Honduras. Approximately the size of Greece or the U.S. state of New York, it is the largest country in Central America. The country covers a total area of 129,494 square kilometers (120,254 square kilometers of which are land area) and contains a diversity of climates and terrains. Nicaragua comprises of a land covered with mountains, rivers, volcanoes adn sea. The country's physical geography divides it into three major zones: Pacific lowlands, the wetter, cooler central highlands, and the Caribbean lowlands. The pacific lowland stretches from Gulf of Fonseca to the Pacific border with Costa Rica. Maribios mountains feature 25 volcanic craters and is the prominent mountain range in the region. It predominately forms the backdrop of impressive beaches. The central region is the most active ecological area as it features massive cloud forests. The Caribbean or Atlantic lowlands are quite different from the other parts of the country. The temperature and humidity of the region are quite high and the tropical forests houses a great variety of birds and wildlife.
Electric Supply and Plugs
The electricity supply in Nicaragua is 120 volts at 60Hz. The most common plug socket in Nicaragua is the North American type 'A' which takes two parrallel flat blades.
The time in Nicaragua is GMT - 6 hours.
The official language of Nicaragua is Spanish. Few people outside of tourist areas will speak English and it is well worth brushing up on your Latin American Spanish or learning common phrases and greetings before you go. We recommend that you take and carry with you, a pocket phrase book.
Nicaragua has a tropical climate with just two major seasons - dry and wet. The dry season occurs between December and June. The eastern part of Nicaragua receives more rain than the west while the coastal area experiences tropical storms and hurricanes between July and October. Temperatures vary more with elevation than the season. In the lowlands temperatures typically range between 22° C to 30° C, whereas the temperature in the mountains will be up to 10° C cooler. The hottest months are March, April and May. Generally the climate is warm and humid except in the central highlands. Mid-day while climbing on the exposed black ash of the volcanoes, the sun can be very fierce. However, rain and cloud and exceptionally, cooler weather can occur in the mountains and you need to be prepared for this as well as for the hot sun.
The currecy of Nicaragua is the córdoba
For entry into Nicaragua, you must have a full passport that has at least 6 months remaining validity. Citizens of most European Union countries and the USA do not require a visa if the intended stay is less than 90 days. A tourist card will be issued on arrival. Nationals of other countries should check the prevailing situation with the Nicaraguan consulate.
You should attend your own doctor and dentist for a check-up. Your doctor will have access to the most up to date information on the required vaccinations for the country you are visiting. In general we recommend vaccinations against the following: Polio, Tetanus, Typhoid, & Hepatitis ‘A'. Malaria prophylaxis may also be recommended for this itinerary. A very good online resource is the National Health Travellers website at fitfortravel.nhs.uk