With borders on the Mediterranean to the north, the Red Sea to the east and Israel to the north-east, Egypt merits its inclusion within the Middle Eastern section of the KE programme. Most of Egypt's 80 million plus population live within a short distance of the River Nile, which flows south to north through the country and provides dependable irrigation for the country's only productive farmland. By contrast, Egypt's extensive Saharan regions, including the beautiful White Desert, are sparsely inhabited and home to small numbers of nomadic Bedouin traders and herdsmen. Famous for its ancient civilisation, Egypt has a wealth of archaeological highlights, including the Giza pyramid complex and the treasures of Tutankhamun in Cairo's Museum of Antiquities. Further south, at Luxor, there are more unmissable artifacts, such as the Karnak Temple and the Valley of the Kings. Probably the best way for any adventurous traveller to experience Egypt, is to take a trip down the Nile on a traditional felucca, stopping off to trek through palm groves and Nubian villages, to ancient monuments dating back to the time of the Pharaohs.