Croatia is located in Southeastern Europe (aka the western Balkans). It borders the Adriatic Sea along its 5,835 km coastline, Slovenia to the northwest, Hungary to the north, Bosnia and Herzegovina to the southeast, Serbia in the east, and Montenegro to the south. Its capital and largest city is Zagreb. The local terrain is quite diverse given the size of the country. There are flat agricultural plains along the Hungarian border, low mountains and highlands near the Adriatic coastline and islands. There are 1,246 islands; the largest ones are Krk and Cres. The highest point is Dinara, at 1830 metres.
Electric Supply and Plugs
The electricity supply is 230 volt and uses the 'Type E' electrical plug which has 2 round pins spaced 19mm apart, as well as a hole for the socket's male earthing pin. This is the standard European plug type.
The time in Croatia is GMT +1 hours
The Croatian language is a South Slavic language which is used primarily by the inhabitants of Croatia as well as Croats in Bosnia and Herzegovina. German and English are the most common second languages and the use of these is widespread throughout the country. We recommend that you take a pocket phrase book and learn some basics such as common greetings.
Croatia has a varied climate, with continental climate conditions inland and Mediterranean influence on the Adriatic coast. In July - August, temperatures can be in the high 20s or in the low 30s. You can expect plenty of sunshine from May to October on the coast, and the shoulder seasons (May-June and September). May-June and September are among the best times to visit. Inland is also hot in the summer but can be cold in the winter with heavy snowfall. Winter on the coast is milder but can be quite rainy.
The local currency in Croatia is the Kuna (HRK). For up to date exchange rates visit: www.xe.com
ATMs are plentiful throughout the country and banks, authorised bureaux de change, post offices or most hotels will exchange foreign currency or travellers cheques. Banks open Monday to Saturday and some banks also open on Sundays in the main cities. Major credit cards are widely accepted at the main hotels and restaurants, and may be used to draw cash from ATMs, which are widely available throughout the country.
A passport with 3 months remaining validity at the end of your holiday is required. Visas are not required by UK or EU passport holders, or by nationals of the USA and Canada for visits for tourist purposes. Other nationalities should check with the Croatian Consulate in their own country.
You should attend your own doctor and dentist for a check-up. No special vaccinations are required for this trip. UK residents should obtain a European Health Insurance Card (EHIC) before travelling. The EHIC is normally valid for three to five years and covers any medical treatment (except in Switzerland) that becomes necessary during your trip, because of either illness or an accident. The card gives access to state-provided medical treatment only, and you'll be treated on the same basis as an 'insured' person living in the country you're visiting. Remember, this might not cover all the things you'd expect to get free of charge from the NHS in the UK. You may have to make a contribution to the cost of your care. You can obtain an EHIC from the Department of Health by phone, online, or at the post office.
A very good online resource is the UK National Health Travellers website at fitfortravel.nhs.uk
Additional Sources of Information
Cicerone. Walking in Croatia.
Lonely Planet. Croatia Country Guide.
Rough Guide. Croatia.
Bradt Travel Guides. Croatia.
Rough Guide Map. Croatia. 1:300,000 scaleWeb