The Republic of Cameroon is a West African state bordered (amongst others) by Nigeria to the west, Chad to the north-east and Gabon, and the Republic of the Congo to the south. The country has a 600 kilometre coastline on the Atlantic Ocean. With its beaches, deserts, mountains, rainforests, and savannas, Cameroon has a diverse geography and its high point is the summit of Mount Cameroon (4095m) in the south-west of the country. Briefly colonised by Germany, Cameroon was divided between France and England after the First World War and French and English remain the official languages following the country's independence in the early 1970's. There are estimated to be more than 200 ethnic groups in Cameroon, including Sudanese people, Fulani, Bantu, Shuwa Arabs and Pygmies. Although many of the population are poor, subsistence farmers, Cameroon has enjoyed a good level of political and social stability and the country has a reasonable road and railway network as well as prosperous agriculture, petroleum and timber industry. With its cultural mix and varied landscapes, this is an intriguing and very different African adventure travel destination.