At more than 17 million square kilometres, Russia is the largest country in the world, covering more than an eighth of the earth's land area. It extends across much of Europe and the whole of northern Asia, spanning 11 time zones and incorporating a great range of environments and landforms. The opportunities for adventure travel here are innumerable and largely untapped - something for the future! One of Russia's most outlandish adventure destinations is the far east peninsula of Kamchatka, a volcanic hot spot and veritable 'Land of Fire and Ice'. Trekking, wilderness exploration and volcano climbing are all part of Kamchatka's appeal. Another far flung and remote area is the Tsherskiy Mountains in the region of Yakutsk, here there is opportunity to trek, canoe and live off the land by fishing for dinner. A truely magical land with so much untouched wilderness. Adventure awaits!


As the world's largest country, Russia spans almost half the globe, some 9,000 kilometers from east to west and about 4,000 kilometers from north to south. Dividing into eleven time zones, it occupies much of Eastern Europe and northern Asia. The country's terrain is diverse, with extensive stands of forest, numerous mountain ranges, and vast plains. On and below the surface of the land are extensive reserves of natural resources that provide the nation with enormous potential wealth.

Northern Russian extends into the Arctic Circle. This area is primarily tundra and forests, with thousands of lakes.  Siberia is a combination of frozen tundra, with rolling hills rising to plateaus, and numerous rugged mountain ranges. The northeast, south-central and southeast areas are covered by a wide variety of mountain ranges. A few on the Kamchatka Peninsula contain active volcanoes.

The Ural mountains cover 2,500 miles of eastern Russia. From the western border to the Ural mountains is the North European Plain. This is a large rolling plain with rich soil and grasslands. The Caucasus mountains cross the southern part of Russia, from the Black Sea to the Caspian Sea and contain the country's highest point, Mt. Elbrus.  The central and southern areas include large fertile areas, marsh, steppes (plains without trees) and massive coniferous forests.

Russia has more than 100,000 rivers with a length of 7 miles, or greater. Significant rivers include the Volga, Dnieper and Dvina (west), the Lena, Ob, and Yenisey (central) and the Amur in the far east. Lake Baikal is the deepest lake in the world, at 5,310 ft. (1,620m).

Time Zone

There are eleven time zones in Russia from GMT+2 to GMT+12, more than in any other country of the world. European Russia (including Moscow) is currently GMT+3 and Kamchatka in the far east is GMT+12. Russia's time zones change over to daylight saving time on dates in accordance with European Summer Time.