The Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan extends from the southern part of the Syrian Desert to the Gulf of Aqaba. Historically, Jordan has been ruled by a number of ancient eastern civilisations, including the Sumerians, Babylonians and Persians. It was for a time part of Pharaonic Egypt and also bred a native civilisation, the Nabateans who built the fabulous 'Rose-Red City' of Petra. The Romans also left their mark, with fantastic remains including those at Jerash, close to the capital city of Amman in the north-west. More recently, this Arab state has managed to avoid direct involvement in the periodic unrest associated with neighbouring Israel. Highlights of the country include the Dead Sea and the spectacular sandstone jebels (peaks) and desert landscape of Wadi Rum. The latter, once a hiding place for Lawrence of Arabia, now provides plenty of opportunity for excellent trekking and is just as popular with family and school groups.


The capital of Jordan is Amman situated in the northwest. Jordan is an almost entirely landlocked country bounded by Syria to the North Iraq to the Northwest, Saudi Arabia to the east and south and Israel to the west. Its has only 26km of coastline bordering the Gulf of Aqaba on the far southwestly tip. Jordan consists of arid forest plateau in the east irrigated by oasis and seasonal water streams, with highland area in the west of arable land and Mediterranean evergreen forestry. The Great Rift Valley of the Jordan River separates Jordan, the west bank and Israel. The highest point in the country is Jabal Umm al Dami, at 1,854 m (6,083 ft) above sea level, while the lowest is the Dead Sea, at 420 m (1,378 ft) below sea level.

Time Zone

The time in Jordan is GMT +2 hours and GMT + 3 hours in summer time