Lying on the southern side of the Great Himalayan Chain as it sweeps down across the Indian Subcontinent, Nepal is one of the most beautiful and dramatic countries on earth. Eight of the world's fourteen 8000-metre peaks are found here and from these towering, ice-bound summits to its lowland plains on the border with India, Nepal boasts the greatest altitude variation on earth. The country also has an attractive cultural mix, with people of Indian descent in the south and Tibetan people occupying the highest Himalayan valleys towards the north. Affected by the monsoon during the summer months, the best time for trekking and travelling in Nepal is October to April. Since the first climbing expeditions to the Khumbu side of Mount Everest in the 1950's, Nepal has become increasingly popular as a destination for adventure holidays. From the remote and rarely visited district of Dolpo in the west to Kangchenjunga in the east, there is a choice of exciting trekking routes, as well as a number of exciting options for those looking to climb a Himalayan peak. For mountain bikers, the Pokhara to Kathmandu ride is a classic. Newly established as a democratic republic, the future is bright for adventure travel in Nepal.


Nepal has one of the greatest altitude variations on earth, ranging from lowland plains to 8000m peaks. To the south the country is bordered and shares a band of lowland plains with India. Heading north rising from the plains are the foothills of the great ranges. At 2000m the climate is warm and temperate and it is here that we find the most populated regions including Kathmandu and Pokhara. Continuing northwards, we encounter the Lesser Himalaya, with an alpine climate pines & birch are the predominant flora, however much has been cleared for cultivation. Despite the colder climate, permanent settlements are found in this region up to 4000m. Above this we come to the Greater Himalaya, which shares its border with Tibet to the far north. The terrain rises to high mountains reaching 8000m, the most famous of which is Mount Everest. The perpetual snow makes vegetation here sparse or non-existent.

Time Zone

The time in Nepal is GMT +5:45 hours.

Additional Sources/Information

Lonely Planet Guide to Nepal. Lonely Planet
Rough Guide to Nepal. Rough Guides
Trekking and Climbing in Nepal. Steve Razzetti.
Everest: A Trekkers Guide. Kev Reynolds. Cicerone
Trekking in the Nepal Himalaya. Stan Armington.
Into Thin Air. Jon Krakauer
The Climb. Anatoli Boukreev
The Ascent of Everest. John Hunt & Edmund Hillary
Sherpas & Himalayan Mountaineering. Sherry B. Ortner
A History of Nepal. John Whelpton
Field Guide to Birds of the Himalayas. Bikram Grewal
Portraits of People: Nepal Himalayas. Eric Valli
Nepal - Lonely Planet Pictorial. Richard I'Anson

The High Himalaya. Art Wolfe Maps Everest Base Camp. 1: 50,000
Nepal / National Geographic Maps

Lonely PLanet -
Rough Guides -