Situated on the southern Atlantic coast of Africa, Namibia is 3 times the size of the United Kingdom, with a population of fewer than 2 million people. Much of the country is arid, including the Namib Desert which extends along the country's desolate Atlantic shore, the northern part of which is the famous 'Skeleton Coast'. In the vicinity of Sossusvlei, towering orange sand dunes are a striking feature of the Namib. In spite of the general aridity, elephant, oryx and lion can be found in the desert regions and the coastal strip has flamingo and seal colonies. Inland is the Central Plateau, whilst to the east and north-east, adjacent to the borders with South Africa and Botswana is the Kalahari Desert, ancestral home of the San or 'Bushman' people. Rarely undertaken, the 3-day trek to the top of the country's highest peak, Brandberg (2573m / 8442ft) is an undoubted highlight. Namibia's most dramatic wildlife spectacle is found in the north, at world-famous Etosha National Park, where underground springs feed waterholes and nourish savannah grassland that sustains 110 species of mammals.


Namibia, officially the Republic of Namibia, is a country in Southern Africa whose western border is the Atlantic Ocean. It shares borders with Angola and Zambia to the north, Botswana and Zimbabwe to the east, and South Africa to the south and east.  At 825,418 km2, Namibia is triple the size of Great Britain and has a very low population density of 2.5 inhabitants per square kilometre. The main reason for this being the harsh desert and semi-desert conditions and the resultant scarcity of surface water.

The Namibian landscape consists generally of five geographical areas, each with characteristic abiotic conditions and vegetation with some variation within and overlap between them: the Central Plateau, the Namib Desert, the Escarpment, the Bushveld, and the Kalahari Desert. Although the climate is generally extremely dry, there are a few exceptions. The cold, north-flowing Benguela current of the Atlantic Ocean accounts for some of the low precipitation. The Namib Desert, in the west, stretches from the north of South Africa up to Angola and is characterized by huge expanses of sand dunes in its central part. In the north and south it has predominately gravel fields. Inland the desert meets the ‘Escarpment', a mountain wall of up to 2000 metres.  Namibia's highest mountain is the Brandberg at 2573 metres.  The Escarpment gives way to the Central Plateau where the majority of Namibia's towns and villages lie, including it's capital Windhoek. Further to the east lies the Kalahri Basin, which reaches heights of 1000 metres in places.  Another distinct geographical area, is the north-east in the relatively rainy Kavango and Caprivi region. It is flat and covered with dense bushveld.

Time Zone

The time in Namibia is GMT + 1 hour.