The smallest Central Asian country, Tajikistan's history can be traced back to a time when it was a part of the Persian Empire. Much later, in the 20th century, it became a constituent republic of the Soviet Union and only gained its independence in 1991. Landlocked and covered by mountains, more than half of the country is above 3000 metres with the Fann Mountains, lying to the north of the capital Dushanbe, being one of the most impressive ranges. There are more than 100 significant peaks in this range, culminating in Chimtarga (5489m / 18,008ft). Here, too, amongst a network of interconnecting high valleys, there are numerous lakes where semi-nomadic Tajik shepherds graze their flocks of sheep and goats. There are lots of opportunities for trekking and climbing in the Fann Mountains. Access to this area can be either through Dushanbe or through Tashkent in neighbouring Uzbekistan. The advantage of this latter approach is that the Silk Road town of Samarkand can more easily be included in the itinerary.

Destination Country Profile


Tajikistan is the smallest of the Central Asian Countries. Situated in the southeast of the continent, it shares its boundaries with Uzbekistan and Kyrgyzstan in the west and the north, Afghanistan in the south and China in the east. The geography in Tajikistan is unique for the prominence of mountains and rivers. Mountains cover 93 percent of Tajikistan's surface area and include the towering ranges of the Pamir Mountains, Alay Mountains and the Tien Shan.  The highest peak is in the Pamir mountains at 7495 metres and is currently known as the Peak of Usmaili Samani. Its countless hanging glaciers comprise an impressive scene. The Fann Mountains are part of the western Pamir-Alay mountain system and are located in Tajikistan's Sughd Province between the Zeravshan Range to the north and the Gissar Range to the south.  The Fanns boast about a hundred beautiful peaks, with several rising to altitudes of more than 5000 metres and relative elevations of up to 1500 metres. The highest point in the Fann Mountains is Chimtarga peak at 5489 metres.

Time Zone

The time in Tajikistan is GMT +5 hours.