Formerly the British protectorate of Bechuanaland, Botswana adopted its new name on becoming independent in 1966. It is a landlocked nation, with South Africa to the south and south-east, Namibia to the west, Zambia to the north and Zimbabwe to the north-east. Diamond mining and tourism are the twin keys to the success of the country's economy. Much of the country (70%) is taken up by the Kalahari Desert and there are other relatively unproductive areas, like the Makgadikgadi salt pans in the north. However, Botswana also has the incomparable Okavango Delta, the world's largest inland delta. Here, there are several important national parks and reserve areas and some of the best wildlife viewing and safari opportunities in all of Africa. Lion, cheetah, leopard, wild dog, elephant, hippo, rhino, buffalo and many antelope species can all be found. Visitors to the Okavango can quite easily include some time at nearby Victoria Falls on the Zambia- Zimbabwe border.


Botswana is a landlocked country located in Southern Africa, north of South Africa. Botswana occupies an area of 600,370 square kilometres, of which 585,000km² are land. Botswana is bordered by Namibia to the west, South Africa to the south, Zimbabwe to the east and Zambia by just 1 km to the north. Much of the population of Botswana is concentrated in the eastern part of the country.  The land is predominantly flat to gently undulating tableland, although there is some hilly country, where mining is carried out. The Kalahari Desert is in the central and the southwest. The Okavango Delta, the world's largest inland delta, is in the northwest and the Makgadikgadi Pans, a large salt pan lies in the north-central area. Botswana's highest point is Monalanong Hill, at 1,494 metres.

Time Zone

The time in Botswana is GMT + 2 hours.