Romania is the largest country in south-eastern Europe and has borders with Hungary and Serbia to the west, Ukraine and the Republic of Moldova to the north-east, and Bulgaria to the south. There is a lot of rugged territory in Romania, with the Carpathians Mountains crossing the country in a huge arc. There is excellent hiking in the Bucegi Massif and in the Fagaras Massif, a part of the range also known as the Transylvanian Alps. Romania's highest peak Moldoveanu (2545m / 8350ft) is found here and can be included within a trekking traverse of the range. One of the country's most colourful historical figures was Vlad the Impaler, ruler of Wallachia from 1456 to 1462. He was the inspiration for Bram Stoker's Count Dracula, a fictional character whose spirit still haunts the Romanian countryside and the streets of atmospheric medieval towns such as Brasov. No visit to Romania would be complete without a visit to 'Dracula's Castle' at Bran, or to the fairy tale Peles Castle, formerly the summer residence of King Karol I. With its rustic charm and mountainous terrain, where wolf and bear still roam, Romania is a great place for an adventure holiday.


With an area of 238,391 square kilometers, Romania is the twelfth largest country in Europe. Situated in the northeastern portion of the Balkan Peninsula, the country is halfway between the equator and the North Pole and equidistant from the westernmost part of Europe, the Atlantic Coast, and the most easterly, the Ural Mountains. Romania has 3195 kilometers of border. Republic of Moldova lies to the east, Bulgaria lies to the south, Serbia to the southwest, and Hungary to the west. In the southeast, 245 kilometers of Black Sea coastline provide an important outlet to the Mediterranean Sea and the Atlantic Ocean. The Carpathian Mountains divide Romania's upper half from north to south and connect near the center of the country with the Transylvanian Alps, running east and west. Romania's highest peak Moldoveanu can be found here at 2545 metres / 8350 feet. Forests cover over a quarter of the country, and the fauna is one of the richest in Europe including wolves, bears, deer, the lynx and the chamois. The Danube makes the southern boundary; before it flows into the Black Sea, it forms a Delta, renowned for its rare species of both local and migratory exotic birds.

Time Zone

The time in Romania is GMT + 2 hour and GMT + 3 hours in summer time.


You should attend your own doctor and dentist for a check-up. Your doctor will have access to the most up to date information on the required vaccinations for the country you are visiting. A very good online resource is the NHS travel website at

Additional Sources/Information

The Rough Guide to Romania.
Lonely Planet. Romania and Moldova
The Mountains of Romania. Cicerone Guide.
James Roberts Dracula. Bram Stoker (available via Amazon)
Transylvania and Beyond. Dervla Murphy (available via Amazon)

Romania: Dimap Hiking Maps – various scales. Series of maps showing hiking trails in the various mountain areas, including Transylvania, Parang, Bihor, Vladeasa etc.

Lonely Planet -