Lying between Russia in the north and China in the south, this remote landlocked country has 260 days of sunshine a year and is, appropriately, known as the 'Land of Blue Sky'. Ulaanbaatar is the capital and the only town of any size. Most of the Mongolian people are herders who live in tents known as 'gers', moving their flocks seasonally in search of the best grazing. Mongolia's most famous period of history began at the end of the 12th century, when the remarkable Genghis Khan united the nomadic tribes and set about establishing an empire that would ultimately stretch from the Black Sea to the Yellow Sea of eastern China. The Gobi Desert covers the southern third of the country, with much of the remaining land area being either grassland steppe or mountain forest steppe. Mongolia`s tallest peak is Mount Khuiten (4374m / 14,350ft), located at the western extremity of the country, on the border with both Russia and China.


Mongolia is a landlocked country of mountains, steppe and desert stretching over an area of 1,566,500 sq km / 604,830 sq miles. It is bordered to the north by Russia, while China forms the border to the east, south and west. In the south the Gobi Desert covers more than a third of the country. Around 20% of the remainder is grassland steppe, and some 25%, principally the central, northern and western provinces, is classed as mountain forest steppe. Along the northern border is a large area of larch and pine forest which is essentially the southernmost reaches of Siberia. In central Mongolia the steppe rises to the Kangai mountain range with its highest peak reaching 3905m/12611ft. Mongolia's tallest mountain ranges are in the far west. The highest, Mount Khuiten at 4374m/14350ft is located on the border with both Russia and China and the western end of the in the Mongol Altai Tvanbogd. North of this range is a protected area known as the ‘Great Lakes Depression' covering an area of 39,000 sq km/15,000 sq miles. This is an area of snow capped mountains and large saltwater and freshwater lakes set in a desert landscape.

Time Zone

The time in Mongolia is GMT + 8 hours.