An East African country, just south of the equator, Tanzania has a range of beautiful and spectacular landscapes, from its deserted Indian Ocean beaches (and the romantic 'spice island' of Zanzibar) to the highest peak on the continent, snow-capped Kilimanjaro (5894m / 19,332ft). It also has some of the world's best wildlife viewing in reserve areas such as the Ngorongoro Crater, the Serengeti and the Tarengire National Park. Wildlife abounds in these places, with opportunities to spot many of the most important African big game species. These areas are also the home to the charismatic, cattle-herding Masai people who continue to pursue their semi-nomadic way of life on the open savannah. With a variety of adventure holiday options, including challenging trekking and mountain biking, as well as exciting wildlife safaris, for families as well as for regular groups, Tanzania is one of the most popular destinations in Africa.


Tanzania's geography is one of the most varied and unique in the world; it contains Africa's highest point, Mount Kilimanjaro (5,895m), as well as lakes, mountains and many natural parks. The north-east of Tanzania is mountainous, and includes Mount Meru and Mount Kilimanjaro, both of which are active volcanoes. West of these is Serengeti National Park, famous for its annual migration of millions of white bearded wildebeest, as well as its abundance of lions, leopards, elephants, rhinoceroses, and buffalo. Close to the park lies Olduvai Gorge, where many of the oldest hominid fossils and artifacts have been found. Further west is Lake Victoria, on the Kenya–Uganda–Tanzania border. This is the largest lake in Africa and is traditionally named as the source of the Nile. The centre of Tanzania is a large plateau, with grasslands and national parks to the south, and arable land further north. The new capital, Dodoma, is located here, although much of the government is still located in Dar es Salaam. The eastern shore of Tanzania is hot and humid, and encompasses Tanzania's largest city and former capital, Dar es Salaam. Just north of Dar es Salaam lies the island of Zanzibar, a semi-autonomous territory of Tanzania which is famous for its spices.

Time Zone

The time in Tanzania is GMT + 3 hours.

Vaccinations (country)

You should attend your own GP and dentist for a check-up. Your GP will have access to the most up to date information on the required vaccinations for the country you are visiting. In general we recommend vaccinations against the following: Polio, Tetanus, Typhoid, & Hepatitis ‘A'.  Malaria prophylaxis is also recommended.  A very good online resource is the NHS travel website at

Additional Sources/Information


East Africa. Lonely Planet.
Guide to Tanzania. Briggs.
Kilimanjaro – A Complete Trekker's Guide. Alexander Stewart. (Cicerone)
Explore Mount Kilimanjaro. (Rucksack Readers)
Trekking in East Africa. Else.
Mount Kenya and Kilimanjaro. Climbing Guide.
East African Wildlife. Insight Guides
Birds of Kenya & Northern Tanzania. Christopher Helm
The Snows of Kilimanjaro. Ernest Hemingway (fiction)


Kilimanjaro. 1:100,000.The Ordnance Survey (UK). World Map Series.
Kilimanjaro - Map and Guide. Wielochowski
Tarangire National Park. 1:145,000. Maco
Lake Manyara N. Park. 1:100,000. Harms-Ic-Verlag
Ngorongoro Conservation Area. 1:210,000. Maco


Lonely Planet -
Rough Guides -