From the jungle calls of the Amazon to the curves of Copacabana's thong-clad crowds, Brazil is a heady celebration of the big, the bold and the beautiful. Brazil's vast coastline is fringed with sandy beaches and island getaways, while buzzing Rio de Janeiro and stylish Sao Paulo offer nightlife and culture galore - as well as an annual dose of Carnival fever. Brazil is the largest country in South America and Latin America, and the world's 5th largest country but by geographical area and population which is over 193 million. Brazil was a colony of Portugal from 1500 until 1815. Independence was gained in 1822 with the formation of the Empire of Brazil. In 2011 Brazil economy was the worlds seventh largest and is still fast growing. 84% of the population is defined as urban with concentrations in the south east and north east of the country and a large void of uninhabited areas in the west where the Amazon rainforest lies.


Almost half of South America belongs to Brazil. It is over 8,500,000 square kilometers. It shares its border with 10 different countries, including Peru, Argentina, Colombia and Venezuela. One of the world's longest rivers, the Amazon passes through Brazil. This gives way to the Amazon rainforest (the largest rainforest in the world) and a tropical climate in much of the north west of the country. Brazil's highest mountain is Pico de Neblina (2994m/9823ft), with the summit lying just on the Brazilian side of the border with Venezuela. Brazil is also home to the worlds largest wetland at approx 150,000 square kilometers - the Pantanal. The Pantanal also stretches into Bolivia and Paraguay but 90% lies in the state of Mato Grosso, Brazil.

Time Zone

The time in Brazil spans 3 times zones.

Brazil - Acre State (Manaus) GMT -4 hours
Brazil Eastern Time (Rio de Janeiro/Sao Paulo/Brasilia) GMT -3 hours
Brazil Fernando de Noronha Archipelago GMT -2 hours

Vaccinations (country)

You should attend your own doctor and dentist for a check-up. Your doctor will have access to the most up to date information on the required vaccinations for the country you are visiting. In general we recommend vaccinations against the following: Polio, Tetanus, Typhoid, Hepatitis ‘A'. Malarial prophylaxis and Yellow fever vaccination are required if going to the Amazon rainforest and various other areas in Brazil. A very good online resource is the National Health Travellers website at

Additional Sources/Information

Brazil - Lonely Planet.  Nick Selby et al. 
Brazilian Adventure.  Peter Fleming.
Travellers Tales - Brazil  Scott Doggett.
The Naturalist on the River Amazons. Henry Bates
Brazil - Amazon and Pantanal: Travellers' Wildlife Guide. David L. Pearson

ITMB - International Travel Maps.  1:3,300,000

Lonely Planet -
Rough Guides -