Situated towards the southern end of the Indochina Peninsula and having significant land borders with Thailand (north-west), Laos (north) and Vietnam (east), Cambodia is a magical South-East Asian country. Its troubled past of the Khmer Rouge and ‘Killing Fields' now behind it, Cambodia has experienced a period of sustained economic growth over the last 10 years and its popularity as an adventure travel destination has also boomed. Cambodia has a vibrant ethnic mix, with people of Chinese and Vietnamese descent, as well as more than 30 colourful hill-tribes. 95% of the population are practicing Buddhists and the majority of them make their living from the land. From the perspective of the adventure traveller, the standout attraction of Cambodia is the stunning temple complex at Angkor Wat, built by the King Suryavarman in the 12th century and undoubtedly one of the wonders of the world. The capital, largest city and an important regional centre is Phnom Penh, rebuilt and modernised by the French during their period of colonial rule which began in 1870. It offers a pleasant mix of French colonial buildings, grand boulevards and earlier architectural attractions.


Cambodia lies entirely within the tropic. It borders Thailand to the North and west, Loas to the northeast and Vietnam to the east and southeast. It has 275 miles of coastline along the Gulf of Thailand. The most distinctive geographical feature is the Laucstrune plain, must of which is dedicated to wet rice production and hence is the most densely populated area. The plain is regularly flooded by the Tonle Sap (Great lake) which expands from 1000 to 9500 sq miles between the dry and wet seasons. Cambodia is distinctly flat and 75% of the country lies below 100m above sea level. The only exception is Cardamom Mountains which rise to 1813m near the centre of the country.

Time Zone

The time in Cambodia is GMT +7 hours.

Vaccinations (country)

You should attend your own doctor and dentist for a check-up. Your doctor will have access to the most up to date information on the required vaccinations for the country you are visiting. In general we recommend vaccinations against Polio, Tetanus, Typhoid, and Hepatitis ‘A’. Malarial prophylactics are recommended. A very good online resource is the Scottish National Health Travellers website at

Additional Sources/Information


Cambodia. Lonely Planet.
Laos and Cambodia. Insight Guides.
Travels in Siam, Cambodia & Laos (Henry Mouhot)
Angkor. Odyssey Books.
Angkor; An Introduction to the Temples (D. Rooney)
A Guide to the Angkor Monuments (Maurice Glaize) – Downloadable for free at


Cambodia & Laos. Various scales. ITM
Double-sided, indexed map of the two countries, with Cambodia at 1:725,000, and Laos at 1:1,200,000 - Relief shading and peak heights, intermediate distances on main roads, and symbols show various places of tourist interest. Includes street plans of central Phnom Penh and Vientiane, and an Inset map of Angkor.
Vietnam, Cambodia & Laos Rough Guides 1:1,200,000 - The Rough Guide Map Vietnam, Laos & Cambodia combines clear modern mapping and bang-up-to-date research and is the essential companion to anyone travelling around these three fascinating Southeast Asian countries.


Lonely Planet -
Rough Guides -