Nicaragua is the largest and most sparsely populated of the Central American countries. It has both a Pacific and a Caribbean coastline, two large lakes (Lake Nicaragua and Lake Managua) and a string of prominent volcanoes - two of the largest of which actually form an island (Ometepe Island) within Lake Nicaragua. Many of Nicaragua's volcanoes, such as Cerro Negro and the perfectly conical Momotombo, provide challenging objectives for day-hikes and the country as a whole has lots to offer as a destination for adventure travellers. The capital city of Managua, together with one or two other Pacific Lowlands cities (Leon and Granada, for example) have a great deal of Spanish colonial heritage, including colonial architecture and artifacts. There are extensive rainforest reserve areas and the bird and animal life is spectacular - colourful parakeets, toucans and macaws are amongst the most dramatic species. Nicaragua also has some low-key beach resorts, with perhaps the most laid-back to be found on the paradise island of Little Corn, tucked away in an isolated corner of the Caribbean.


Nicaragua is a country in Central America, bordering both the Caribbean Sea and the North Pacific Ocean, between Costa Rica and Honduras. Approximately the size of Greece or the U.S. state of New York, it is the largest country in Central America. The country covers a total area of 129,494 square kilometers (120,254 square kilometers of which are land area) and contains a diversity of climates and terrains. Nicaragua comprises of a land covered with mountains, rivers, volcanoes adn sea. The country's physical geography divides it into three major zones: Pacific lowlands, the wetter, cooler central highlands, and the Caribbean lowlands. The pacific lowland stretches from Gulf of Fonseca to the Pacific border with Costa Rica. Maribios mountains feature 25 volcanic craters and is the prominent mountain range in the region. It predominately forms the backdrop of impressive beaches. The central region is the most active ecological area as it features massive cloud forests. The Caribbean or Atlantic lowlands are quite different from the other parts of the country. The temperature and humidity of the region are quite high and the tropical forests houses a great variety of birds and wildlife.

Time Zone

The time in Nicaragua is GMT - 6 hours.